How is CBD Oil Made?

CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol found in marijuana and hemp, one of the many cannabinoids, or chemical compounds. Hollywood celebrities, to your grandmother’s neighbors, everybody takes the medication for pain problems, nausea, insomnia, and more!

Whether you have heard of how CBD oil is made, or use it daily, the process of creating and extracting the supplement is important to know. Most of us don’t really know how CBD oil is made. Before we get into CBD oil extraction methods, let’s go over the fundamentals of what it is and what it is being used. One of the compounds on the marijuana plant is cannabidiol or CBD. Thanks to the therapeutic effects people have reported experiencing, CBD has gained a substantial commercial presence in recent years. It is useful for alleviating fear and is licensed as an epilepsy medication by the FDA. It can also help with pain relief, sleeplessness and a number of other conditions.

Methods of producing CBD Oil

1. Carbon Dioxide

One of the most popular methods of CBD oil extraction includes the use of CO2. This method leverages the unique properties of CO2 that enables the element to operate in multiple forms. Most used for this process are closed-loop extractors. The production of CO2 starts with a solid piece of CO2 being poured into a second chamber containing marijuana. The atmosphere is held at such a level that the CO2 persists in a liquid state, collecting the plant’s oils and flavors. The CO2-cannabinoid combination is then injected into a third chamber where the CO2 can return to a gas state, leaving the oil and plant flavors behind. This represents one of the popular CBD oil extraction methods.

2. Winterization

Winterization determines how CBD oil is made by removing excess. It is the mechanism by which undesirable elements derived from the plant, such as fats, waxes, and lipids, are eliminated. This process is only needed when extracting the oil at high pressure / high (supercritical) temperature, because this intense extraction pulls everything from the plant, including the material you don’t want in the final product. The oil produced is indeed crude oil and needs to be processed. The mixture is combined with 200 proof alcohol once extracted and stirred vigorously until completely mixed. The mixture is cloudy and is primed for filtration. Another method to flush out the oils is to pass it into an extraction jar through a filter paper. Once it’s purified to completion and eliminated the unnecessary ingredients, it’s time to remove the product. This happens with heat. The mixture is melted, and the alcohol evaporates as it is hot, since the alcohol boiling point is lower than the liquid. The fuel taken out can then be stored on another shipment of crude CBD oil.

3. Oil Infusion

One of the best CBD oil extraction methods is the oil infusion. In fact, this method is still used by many home growers and producers currently. It’s one of the easiest strategies, but it comes with some shortcomings. You must first decarboxylate the plant material before beginning oil infusion or heat it to a certain temperature to enable the compounds. You then add it to the olive oil or similar carrier oil and heat it for an hour or longer at 100 C. You cannot evaporate olive oil from CBD oil, so one of the main downsides is that you must use a lot more oil to achieve the same effect. How CBD oil is made from this method is easiest to perform, but highly wasteful.

4. Distillation

Pass the CBD oil through a process called short path distillation. This will refine the oil you have collected. This leverages that CBD oil compounds have different boiling points. You should boil off the various compounds, which have a lower boiling point than the oil itself, to get the purest CBD oil. Distillation of the short path begins by slowly heating your CBD mixture until the alien substances start to boil off. The vapors produced by this phase pass through a distillation tube before cooling coils are reached where they condense. From there, they leak into a different storage tub, and the process goes on until the pure CBD oil extraction method is completed.

5. Liquid Solvents

Liquid solvent is one of the many methods detailing how CBD oil is made. Substances, including ethanol, butane, hexane, or isopropyl alcohol, which are naturally in a liquid state at room temperature are used. The process works similarly as the process of CO2 extraction. The extraction of the liquid solvent is a cheaper, easier way to extract CBD oil, but it does have downsides. Some solvents may carry plant impurities and chlorophyll, which can give the oil a greenish tinge and a bitter taste.

THE BOTTOM-LINE

Unfortunately, there aren’t many standards in place for the CBD oil sector owing to the continued legal battles around cannabis products. It means that a lot of companies will try to sell you something that is either impure CBD, or not CBD oil. It is important to know how CBD oil is made. Be careful when buying CBD oil, and buy only from companies with a trusted reputation. Dynamic Warriors ensures that the best quality and care is taken when producing quality CBD oil.

Groups such as the Foundation of Unified Standards on Cannabis (FOCUS) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) are working to develop standards for the CBD market. These standards cover such things as cultivation, extraction, laboratory conditions, products being infused, and safety. As more states legalize marijuana and cannabis products, we will likely see a set of standards adopted.

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